History of the power plant

Published by Karsten Wickern on

The history of the Datteln 4 coal-fired power plant block began almost 15 years ago, and a lot has happened during this time: Permits have been granted, expert‘s reports have been written, judgments have been pronounced, there political discussions have taken place and construction stops as well as elections that have influenced the process. In the following we have compiled the most important points and provided original sources or, if not possible, press reports.
A detailed description of the ongoing litigation can be found here..

2005

  • 22 December 2005 and 24 November 2006: RWE concludes two contracts with E.ON for the flexible purchase of 450 MW of electricity from Datteln 41)https://www.justiz.nrw.de/nrwe/olgs/hamm/j2019/2_U_56_18_Urteil_20190314.html (Paragraph 8)

2006

  • 01 October 2006: The Münster District Government announces that E.ON has filed an application for a preliminary emission control decision with the Münster District Government. The planned commissioning date is August 20112)https://www.bezreg-muenster.de/zentralablage/dokumente/service/amtsblaetter/amtsblaetter_2006/Amtsblatt_Nr_03.pdf (p. 35)
    • Possibility to inspect the related documents. They are on display at the authorities in Datteln, Waltrop and Münster from 30 January to 28 February 2006.
    • From 30 January to 14 March 2006 citizens may submit written objections. 875 objections have been received and discussed over several days in the Datteln town hall.3)http://www.pro-waltrop.de/index.php/datteln-iv/das-thema#chronologie-des-kraftwerksbau-2006
  • 13 March 2006: The Regionalverband Ruhr decides on the 4th amendment of the Regional Plan. The area of the later Development Plan No. 105, which according to the Regional Development Plan is not even designated for energy supply or large, space-intensive industrial sites, is amended by the amendment "Area for commercial and industrial uses with additional designation power plant".4)https://recht.nrw.de/lmi/owa/br_vbl_detail_text?anw_nr=6&vd_id=1367&ver=8&val=1367&sg=1&menu=1&vd_back=N5)http://www.die-gruenen-waltrop.de/pdf/Urteil%20Kraftwerk%20Datteln%20OVG%20Muenster.pdf (p. 7) (this 4th amendment is declared invalid by the Higher Administrational Court on 03 September 2009)
  • 18 December 2006: Submission of a declaration of decommissioning for units 1-3 by 31 December 2012 (after the requirements for old power plants have been tightened up in 2004, operators could either meet these requirements through retrofitting by 01 November 2011, thus continue to operate the power plant or refrain from continuing operation from 31 December 2012). At the time of the declaration of decommissioning, there is neither a Development Plan nor approval for the construction of a new power plant.
  • E.ON submits an application to build and operate the new Datteln unit 4.6)https://www.bund-nrw.de/themen/klima-energie/hintergruende-und-publikationen/steinkohlenkraftwerke/uniper-kohlekraftwerk-datteln-iv/

2007

2008

2009

  • 03 September 2009: Münster Higher Administrative Court declares Development Plan no. 105 to be invalid following a complaint by a neighbouring farmer.21)https://www.ovg.nrw.de/behoerde/presse/pressemitteilungen/01_archiv/2009/29_090903/index.php [Ref: 10 D 121/07.NE]22)http://www.justiz.nrw.de/nrwe/ovgs/ovg_nrw/j2009/10_D_121_07_NEurteil20090903.html Justification:
    • Planning violates the objectives of Regional Planning (the municipality is bound by these objectives when it comes to projects of national importance)
    • The Council is said not to have sufficiently taken into account the requirements of the Regional Development Plan for resource and climate-protecting energy use
    • The Town of Datteln is said not to have considered the risk to the local population in the event of an incident that could not be ruled out
    • According to the court, nature and landscape conservation are not sufficiently considered, effects of air and noise emissions not sufficiently weighed up.
  • The appeal by E.ON and the City of Datteln against the non-admission of the appeal is dismissed by the Federal Administrative Court (Bundesverwaltungsgericht) on 16 March 2010, and the ruling is thus confirmed.
  • 11 and 14 September 2009: The pending lawsuits of 25 April 2008 against emission control permit and against the 1st partial permit are extended by the farmer and BUND NRW to include lawsuits against the 3rd, 4th and 5th partial permits.23)https://www.ovg.nrw.de/behoerde/presse/pressemitteilungen/01_archiv/2009/31_090924/index.php
  • 24 September 2009: Münster Higher Administrative Court: Lawsuits against 4th and 5th partial permit have a suspensive effect. Temporary partial stop of construction of Datteln 4.24)https://www.ovg.nrw.de/behoerde/presse/pressemitteilungen/01_archiv/2009/31_090924/index.php Only partial permits 2 and 3 may be executed.
  • 26 November 2009: E.ON applies for initiation of the development procedure for a development plan related to a project to create a new legal basis for the construction of the new power plant.25)https://datteln.gremien.info/anlagen.php
  • 17 December 2009: The Federal State Government (CDU/FDP) deletes the "climate protection paragraph" ("[...] to strive for the use of domestic and renewable energy sources in particular")26)https://www.arnsberg.de/stadtentwicklung/einzelhandel/landesentwicklungsprogramm-nrw.pdf (p. 8) from the State Development Programme 1989.27)https://recht.nrw.de/lmi/owa/br_vbl_detail_text?anw_nr=6&vd_id=11858&vd_back=N874&sg=0&menu=1 This is known as "Lex E.ON ". The deletion is intended to make the construction of the power plant legally possible, since according to the ruling of the OVG since this paragraph has also been violated.28)https://www.zeit.de/2010/01/Kohle-NRW (Although the SPD Social Democrates Party is in favour of the new construction, they would like to have a proper planning procedure.)29)https://www.wn.de/NRW/2009/12/NRW-Landtag-verbessert-Chance-fuer-Kraftwerk-in-Datteln

2010

  • 02 February 2010: The CDU/FDP State Government decides on procedures for the 1st amendment of the 1995 State Development Plan; this is to form the basis for the construction of the new power plant. Corresponding sections are deleted and replaced by new ones.30)https://recht.nrw.de/lmi/owa/br_vbl_detail_text?anw_nr=7&vd_id=12030&ver=8&val=12030&sg=0&menu=1&vd_back=N31)https://www.bezreg-muenster.de/de/regionalrat/archiv_der_sitzungen/1600_ZH_2010-09-20/_ablage/TV_61e.pdf
  • 16 March 2010: Confirmation of the ruling by the Federal Administrative Court (Bundesverwaltungsgericht) through dismissing the appeal lodged by E.ON and the City of Datteln against non-admission of the appeal. Judgment of the Münster Higher Administrative Court of 03 September 2009 thus confirmed.32)https://www.bverwg.de/pm/2010/1433)https://www1.wdr.de/kraftwerk_datteln114.html
  • 17 March 2010: Datteln City Council initiates a procedure for the preparation of the Development Plan no. 105a, thus following E.ON’s application dated 26 November 200934)https://datteln.gremien.info/sitzungen_top.php?sid=ni_2009-Rat-7&suchbegriffe=bebauungsplan+105&select_koerperschaft=&select_gremium=&datum_von=2009-10-21&datum_bis=2020-11-25&entry=0&sort=datum&kriterium=si&x=11&y=13
  • 09 May 2010: State elections in NRW: The red-green minority government lead by Hannelore Kraft replaces the black-yellow government led by Jürgen Rüttgers.35)https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landtagswahl_in_Nordrhein-Westfalen_2010
  • 20 September 2010: The new State Government discontinues the procedure for amending the Regional Development Plan of the previous government.36)https://www.bezreg-muenster.de/de/regionalrat/archiv_der_sitzungen/1600_ZH_2010-09-20/_ablage/TV_61e.pdf
  • 06 October 2010: E.ON revokes its declaration of decommissioning for Datteln 1 - 3, arguing that due to the delay of Datteln 4, they would be dependent on the continued operation of Datteln 1 – 3.37)https://www.ovg.nrw.de/behoerde/presse/pressemitteilungen/01_archiv/2012/14_120321/index.php
  • 18 October 2010: Münster District Government concludes that the continued operation of units 1-3 is not permissible, as the 2006 closure declaration is binding.38)https://openjur.de/u/454459.html

2011

  • Year of planned commissioning of Datteln 4
  • Datteln 1 – 3 meet the stricter limits (13th BImSchV) applicable from 01 January 2011 after cleaning and by operation with other (more expensive) coal; thus, continued operation after 01 January 2013 is assumed.39)https://www.ovg.nrw.de/behoerde/presse/pressemitteilungen/01_archiv/2012/14_120321/index.php
  • Status: Development Plan no. 105 is invalid as it violates the state development plan. Due to the subsequent stop of construction, the power plant is still not completed in the year of planned commissioning. Attempts to heal by deleting the climate protection paragraph or attempting to change the Regional Development Plan have not led to a solution. Expert opinions are prepared to clarify whether and how the power plant construction could be continued:40)https://www.waz.de/staedte/vest/und-noch-n-gutachten-id4270306.html
    • 11 November 2010: Philipp Heinz writes that there is every reason to believe that a procedure to deviate from the goals is illegal, since the basic principles of Regional Planning are affected in several ways. (on behalf of BI Meistersiedlung)41)https://www.ruhrbarone.de/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/Gutachten-Heinz..pdf
    • 12 January: Professor Dr Martin Schulte writes that a "legally permissible procedure for deviation from the aim is not applicable in this case" (on behalf of the DUH)42)http://www.duh.de/uploads/media/Rechtsgutachten_ZAV_KohleKW_Datteln4_Schulte_01-2011.pdf
    • February 2011: Professor Dr Michael Uechtritz thinks that the recommended distance of 1500 m could be undercut when adhering to stricter requirements. In a new planning procedure, circumstances relevant to planning would have to be taken into account. (on behalf of the City of Datteln)43)https://www.datteln.de/index.asp?db=359&form=detail&id=21044)http://geobubi.de/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/ga_profuechtritzzuabstandsaspekten_feb2011-1.pdf
    • 30 April: PD Dr Martin Kment believes that subsequent changes to Regional Planning through "target deviation procedures" may be possible (on behalf of E.ON)45)https://www1.wdr.de/archiv/kraftwerk-datteln/kraftwerk_datteln126.html46)https://www.ruhrbarone.de/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/idruhr_Auszug_Gutachen_Dr._Kment2.pdf
  • 18 November: NRW Ministry of Environment rejects further operation of units 1 – 3 "Revocation of the submitted declaration of decommissioning of 2006 (effective 31 December 2012) not legally possible", based on external expert opinion.47)https://www1.wdr.de/archiv/kraftwerk-datteln/kraftwerk_datteln128.html
  • It is revealed that T24 steel could cause problems.48)https://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/vorab/a-770518.htm49)https://www.gruene-datteln.de/berichte-zu-datteln4

2012

  • 13 May 2012: Early new elections in NRW: Majority of SPD/Green Party government is elected.50)https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landtagswahl_in_Nordrhein-Westfalen_2012
  • 12 June 2012: Münster Higher Administrative Court evokes preliminary decision (31.01.07) on emissions laws after complaint by BUND (25.04.08) [Ref: 8 D 38/08.AK]51)https://www.justiz.nrw.de/nrwe/ovgs/ovg_nrw/j2012/8_D_38_08_AKurteil20120612.html52)https://www.ovg.nrw.de/behoerde/presse/pressemitteilungen/01_archiv/2012/21_120612/index.php53)https://www.wp.de/region/umweltschuetzer-gewinnen-klage-gegen-kohlekraftwerk-datteln-iv-id6758906.html Justification:
    • The preliminary decision on the power plant is unlawful, it is not detailed enough and the Development Plan no. 105 – on which the preliminary decision is based –was been legally annulled. The FFH impact assessment is assessed as poor.
  • The appeal by E.ON and the City of Datteln against the non-admission of the appeal is dismissed by the Federal Administrative Court on 26 June 2013, and the ruling is thus confirmed.
  • 02 November 2012: NRW Ministry for Environment declares that it will tolerate the continued operation of units 1 – 3 for 2013 in order to ensure the supply of railway power and district heating, which is in the public interest. From 2014, a converter station for converting main power into single-phase traction current is to be available.54)https://www.umwelt.nrw.de/pressearchiv/presse2012/presse121102.php

2013

2014

2016

  • 4 March 2016: Münster District Government grants preliminary approval for continuing construction. Pending the final decision of the authorities, preparatory construction measures may be carried out.67)https://www.bezreg-muenster.de/de/presse/2017/2017-01-19_uniper_datteln_IV/index.html

2017

2018

2019

2020

Sources:   [ + ]

1.https://www.justiz.nrw.de/nrwe/olgs/hamm/j2019/2_U_56_18_Urteil_20190314.html (Paragraph 8)
2.https://www.bezreg-muenster.de/zentralablage/dokumente/service/amtsblaetter/amtsblaetter_2006/Amtsblatt_Nr_03.pdf (p. 35)
3.http://www.pro-waltrop.de/index.php/datteln-iv/das-thema#chronologie-des-kraftwerksbau-2006
4.https://recht.nrw.de/lmi/owa/br_vbl_detail_text?anw_nr=6&vd_id=1367&ver=8&val=1367&sg=1&menu=1&vd_back=N
5.http://www.die-gruenen-waltrop.de/pdf/Urteil%20Kraftwerk%20Datteln%20OVG%20Muenster.pdf (p. 7)
6, 15, 19, 20.https://www.bund-nrw.de/themen/klima-energie/hintergruende-und-publikationen/steinkohlenkraftwerke/uniper-kohlekraftwerk-datteln-iv/
7, 14.https://www.duh.de/fileadmin/user_upload/download/Pressemitteilungen/Energie/Verfahrensstand_EON-Datteln_03-2010.pdf
8.https://www.bezreg-muenster.de/zentralablage/dokumente/service/amtsblaetter/amtsblaetter_2007/Amtsblatt_Nr_05.pdf (p. 51)
9.https://www.ovg.nrw.de/behoerde/presse/pressemitteilungen/01_archiv/2012/23_120612/index.php
10, 13.https://www.bezreg-muenster.de/de/regionalrat/archiv_der_sitzungen/2000_ZH_2009-12-14/_ablage/TOP01_SV571.pdf (p. 36)
11, 12.https://www.ovg.nrw.de/behoerde/presse/pressemitteilungen/01_archiv/2007/03_070221/index.php
16.https://www.ovg.nrw.de/behoerde/presse/pressemitteilungen/01_archiv/2008/12_080319/index.php
17.https://www.waz.de/staedte/vest/am-neuen-eonkraftwerk-wurde-der-grundstein-gelegt-id2067342.html
18.https://www.waz.de/staedte/castrop-rauxel/bahn-droht-mit-vertragsaufloesung-id11419986.html
21.https://www.ovg.nrw.de/behoerde/presse/pressemitteilungen/01_archiv/2009/29_090903/index.php
22, 58.http://www.justiz.nrw.de/nrwe/ovgs/ovg_nrw/j2009/10_D_121_07_NEurteil20090903.html
23, 24.https://www.ovg.nrw.de/behoerde/presse/pressemitteilungen/01_archiv/2009/31_090924/index.php
25.https://datteln.gremien.info/anlagen.php
26.https://www.arnsberg.de/stadtentwicklung/einzelhandel/landesentwicklungsprogramm-nrw.pdf (p. 8)
27.https://recht.nrw.de/lmi/owa/br_vbl_detail_text?anw_nr=6&vd_id=11858&vd_back=N874&sg=0&menu=1
28.https://www.zeit.de/2010/01/Kohle-NRW
29.https://www.wn.de/NRW/2009/12/NRW-Landtag-verbessert-Chance-fuer-Kraftwerk-in-Datteln
30.https://recht.nrw.de/lmi/owa/br_vbl_detail_text?anw_nr=7&vd_id=12030&ver=8&val=12030&sg=0&menu=1&vd_back=N
31, 36.https://www.bezreg-muenster.de/de/regionalrat/archiv_der_sitzungen/1600_ZH_2010-09-20/_ablage/TV_61e.pdf
32.https://www.bverwg.de/pm/2010/14
33.https://www1.wdr.de/kraftwerk_datteln114.html
34.https://datteln.gremien.info/sitzungen_top.php?sid=ni_2009-Rat-7&suchbegriffe=bebauungsplan+105&select_koerperschaft=&select_gremium=&datum_von=2009-10-21&datum_bis=2020-11-25&entry=0&sort=datum&kriterium=si&x=11&y=13
35.https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landtagswahl_in_Nordrhein-Westfalen_2010
37.https://www.ovg.nrw.de/behoerde/presse/pressemitteilungen/01_archiv/2012/14_120321/index.php
38.https://openjur.de/u/454459.html
39.https://www.ovg.nrw.de/behoerde/presse/pressemitteilungen/01_archiv/2012/14_120321/index.php
40.https://www.waz.de/staedte/vest/und-noch-n-gutachten-id4270306.html
41.https://www.ruhrbarone.de/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/Gutachten-Heinz..pdf
42.http://www.duh.de/uploads/media/Rechtsgutachten_ZAV_KohleKW_Datteln4_Schulte_01-2011.pdf
43.https://www.datteln.de/index.asp?db=359&form=detail&id=210
44.http://geobubi.de/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/ga_profuechtritzzuabstandsaspekten_feb2011-1.pdf
45.https://www1.wdr.de/archiv/kraftwerk-datteln/kraftwerk_datteln126.html
46.https://www.ruhrbarone.de/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/idruhr_Auszug_Gutachen_Dr._Kment2.pdf
47.https://www1.wdr.de/archiv/kraftwerk-datteln/kraftwerk_datteln128.html
48.https://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/vorab/a-770518.htm
49.https://www.gruene-datteln.de/berichte-zu-datteln4
50.https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landtagswahl_in_Nordrhein-Westfalen_2012
51.https://www.justiz.nrw.de/nrwe/ovgs/ovg_nrw/j2012/8_D_38_08_AKurteil20120612.html
52.https://www.ovg.nrw.de/behoerde/presse/pressemitteilungen/01_archiv/2012/21_120612/index.php
53.https://www.wp.de/region/umweltschuetzer-gewinnen-klage-gegen-kohlekraftwerk-datteln-iv-id6758906.html
54.https://www.umwelt.nrw.de/pressearchiv/presse2012/presse121102.php
55.https://www.bverwg.de/260613B7B42.12.0
56.https://www1.wdr.de/archiv/kraftwerk-datteln/rvr100.html
57.http://pro-waltrop.de/index.php/component/content/featured?id=featured&start=4#chronologie-des-kraftwerksbau-2013
59.https://www1.wdr.de/archiv/kraftwerk-datteln/datteln126.html
60.https://www.ruhrbarone.de/duesseldorf-nrw-gruene-knicken-ein-zielabweichungsverfahren-fuer-datteln-4-wird-fortgesetzt/71370
61.http://www.brd.nrw.de/wirueberuns/Amtsblatt/2013/Amtsblatt-Nr_48.pdf (p. 3)
62.https://recht.nrw.de/lmi/owa/br_vbl_detail_text?anw_nr=6&vd_id=14311&menu=1&sg=0&keyword=7.%20%E4nderung%20des%20regionalplans
63.https://www.rvr.ruhr/fileadmin/user_upload/01_RVR_Home/02_Themen/Regionalplanung_Entwicklung/Emscher_Lippe_AEnderungen/01_AEnderungen/7_Aend_Datteln__B_.pdf
64.https://datteln.gremien.info/sitzungen_top.php?sid=ni_2010-Rat-45&suchbegriffe=bebauungsplan+105&select_koerperschaft=&select_gremium=&datum_von=2009-10-21&datum_bis=2020-11-25&entry=50&sort=datum&kriterium=si&x=10&y=8 (TOP 6 Beschluss)
65.https://www.yumpu.com/de/document/read/33147714/stadt-datteln-teil-a-begrundung-buergerbeteiligung-dattelnde
66.https://www.bund-nrw.de/fileadmin/nrw/dokumente/Energie_und_Klima/2013_10_07_PGT_Einwendung_BPlan-Datteln_web.pdf
67, 69.https://www.bezreg-muenster.de/de/presse/2017/2017-01-19_uniper_datteln_IV/index.html
68.https://www.bezreg-muenster.de/zentralablage/dokumente/umwelt_und_natur/immissionsschutzrechtliche_genehmigungsverfahren/2017/Uniper_Endfassung-BImSchG-Genehmigung-Kraftwerk-Datteln-4.pdf
70.https://www.bezreg-muenster.de/de/umwelt_und_natur/immissionsschutzrechtliche_genehmigungsverfahren/genehmigungsbescheide/uniper_datteln_4/index.html
71.https://rp-online.de/politik/uniper-und-umweltschuetzer-klage-wegen-datteln_aid-19040465
72.https://www.n-tv.de/wirtschaft/kurznachrichten/Uniper-klagt-im-Streit-mit-RWE-article19860796.html
73.https://www.eon.com/de/ueber-uns/presse/pressemitteilungen/2018/eon-dient-uniper-aktien-im-rahmen-des-fortum-uebernahmeangebotes-an.html
74.https://www.manager-magazin.de/unternehmen/energie/e-on-johannes-teyssen-verlaengert-uniper-restanteil-geht-an-fortum-a-1186878.html
75.https://www.energate-messenger.de/news/174446/datteln-4-uniper-klagt-gegen-rwe
76.https://rp-online.de/wirtschaft/datteln-uniper-siegt-gegen-rwe-vor-gericht_aid-19047705
77.https://www.24vest.de/datteln/kraftwerk-datteln-8000-quadratmeter-kesselwand-schrott-12385505.html
78.https://rp-online.de/wirtschaft/datteln-droht-jahrelange-verzoegerung_aid-19029419
79.https://www.bmwi.de/Redaktion/DE/Downloads/A/abschlussbericht-kommission-wachstum-strukturwandel-und-beschaeftigung.pdf?__blob=publicationFile (p. 62)
80.https://www.boerse-online.de/nachrichten/aktien/uniper-aktie-aktivistischer-investor-elliott-laesst-nicht-locker-1028255728
81.https://ir.uniper.energy/websites/uniper/German/1400/aktionaersstruktur.html
82.https://www.wiwo.de/unternehmen/energie/energiekonzern-kampf-verloren-fortum-ergreift-die-mehrheit-bei-uniper/25094986.html
83.https://www1.wdr.de/nachrichten/ruhrgebiet/datteln-vier-soll-ans-netz-100.html
84.https://www.24vest.de/waltrop/waltropdatteln-entscheidung-gefallen-geht-datteln-netz-13442224.html
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